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One of the basic prerequisites for the optimization of metallurgical processes is a detailed study of the nature and regularities of processes occurring in these processes. The basic and historically oldest method is the research activity directly in operating conditions on a given aggregate, which is possible only if it does not significantly disturb the operation of the whole aggregate and does not negatively affect the resulting quality of production.

Modeling of ongoing processes in the system is a method whose aim is to capture the behavior of the real system using the model as credibly as possible. Based on the results obtained on the model, the behavior of the real system during various process changes can be predicted.

Process modeling methods have a firm place in scientific research activities in many fields of science. At the Department of Metallurgy, modeling methods are used to solve tasks in the field of steel and alloy production, their refining and casting.

In the field of physical modeling, the department has models of casting ladles, tundishes, crystallizers, refining pans made of organic glass in the scale from 1:3 to 1:10. In the area of ​​numerical modeling, the department uses special software products such as ANSYS Fluent, ProCAST, QuikCAST, Calcosoft, MAGMASOFT, FactSage and others.